Biblical Research & Education Resources

 Richard Blaine Robison, M.A., M.R.E.

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Bible Insights

Tanakh (Old Testament)

"I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you." (Gen 17:7 NASB)

All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness." (2Tim 3:16 NASB)

About this Section

This section of the website includes articles and commentary on portions of the Hebrew Scripture, known as the "Old Testament." The title Tanakh is a Jewish acronym for the Hebrew Scriptures. The Hebrew Bible is divided into three sections: Torah (also called Chumash, "five," and among Christians as the Pentateuch), Neviim (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings). The Neviim portion includes the histories of Joshua through 2 Kings, the three major prophets and the twelve minor prophets. The Ketuvim includes the remainder of the books. The acronym Tanakh is much more descriptive of the content of the Hebrew Scriptures than "Old Testament," since "testament" as a synonym for "covenant" refers to the covenant between God and Israel inaugurated at Sinai and not a body of sacred writings. For a more complete explanation of the preference for Tanakh see my article A Name for the Apostolic Writings.

Have a question on the Bible not answered by website materials? Send to brer@blainerobison.com.

Articles on Bible Books

Below are articles that provide an introduction to various books of the Tanakh.

The Book of Job

The book of Job is generally thought to explain why good people suffer bad things. The story of Job is much more the story of the sovereign Creator God. It's His message we need to hear. (12 pp.)

The Book of Jonah

The story of Jonah is about a rebel prophet who rides the "whale" express to Nineveh to become the first missionary to the Gentiles. As a result he became a sign of the Messiah. (10 pp.)

The Book of Psalms

An overview of structure, literary character, authorship and message of the Psalms. (6 pp.)

Character Studies

In Defense of Jacob

Abstract: Jacob has been the subject of much criticism within Christianity for allegedly stealing a blessing that belonged to Esau. But, could Jacob steal his own property? This article sets the record straight. (3 pp.)

Jephthah: Faithful Hero

Abstract: Many people believe that because of a thoughtless vow Jephthah murdered his daughter. Actually, he was a man of God who accomplished great deeds and hailed in Scripture as a faithful hero. (9 pp.)

Moses and Yeshua

Abstract: This article reviews the commonalities between the life of Moses, the first deliverer of Israel, and the life of Yeshua, the last deliverer. (5 pp.)

The Story of Abraham

Abstract: This article provides a summary of the life and importance of Abraham and offers a fresh perspective on aspects of his life that have been the subject of controversy. (14 pp.)

Was Joseph a Type of Jesus?

Abstract: Christian commentators often view Joseph, son of Jacob, as a type of Jesus (Yeshua). There are certainly similarities, but are they enough? (2 pp.)

Drash

The following are short expository messages delivered at a Messianic Jewish congregation.

Genesis 12:1-3 — The Blessing of Abraham (3 pp.)

Genesis 22:15-18 — Obedience Yields Blessing (3 pp.)

Genesis 25:31-34 — The Birthright Bargain (3 pp.)

Genesis 28:16-22 — Jacob's Vow (3 pp.)

Exodus 1:19-21 — Servants of Truth and Life

Exodus 16:1-3 — Quit Complaining! (3 pp.)

Exodus 18:10-12 — Jethro: Revelation and Ministry

Leviticus 11:1-3, 8 — God's Diet Plan (3 pp.)

Leviticus 13:6-7 — Making Judgments (3 pp.)

Leviticus 25:8-10 — Jubilee is Coming! (3 pp.)

Numbers 8:1-3 — Lamps for Messiah (3 pp.)

Numbers 23:19-20 — God's Irrevocable Blessing (3 pp.)

Deuteronomy 12:29-31 — Do Not Imitate the World (2pp)

Deuteronomy 25:14-16 — Differing Weights Banned (3pp)

Deuteronomy 31:7-8, 23 — Man Up! (5 pp.)

Bible Commentary

All commentary on Scripture incorporates verse-by-verse exegesis, with explanation of word meaning and the cultural context, interpretation of the significance of the text, and application to life. See my Commentary Writing Philosophy.

The Book of Psalms

Psalm 1 | 2 | 19 | 23 | 27 | 37 | 90 | 91 | 103 | 139

The Book of Daniel

Overview; Chap. 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12

Topical Studies

The Blessed Name

Abstract: Christians are sometimes confused by the Jewish practice of substituting other words for the Tetragrammaton, the four-letter Sacred Name of God, as well as hyphenating English words for deity. This article reviews the biblical usage of the Sacred Name, as well as Jewish tradition. (5 pp.)

The Days of Genesis 1

Abstract:  Evolutionists believe that the appearance and formation of the universe and the earth took billions of years. Genesis says God created everything in six days. But, how long was a creation day? (3 pp.)

The Everlasting Covenants

Abstract: A survey of the covenants God made with individuals (Adam, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Aaron and David) and the nation of Israel, all of which are included in the New Covenant and remain in force. (7 pp.)

God's Appointed Times

Abstract: Scripture identifies a number of feasts and special days observed by God's people. Christianity rejected this calendar in lieu of a very different calendar. Yet, God's calendar should not be dismissed since all the feasts have a New Covenant meaning. (5 pp.)

The Land is Not Palestine

Abstract: A gross error frequently occurring in Christian publications is labeling the Land given by divine covenant to Jacob and his posterity as “Palestine.” (3 pp.)

Levirate Marriage

Abstract: Levirate marriage (Heb. yibbum) refers to the duty prescribed in Torah for a man to marry the widow of his deceased brother if the brother had no male heir. While many consider yibbum an outdated practice, God's expectation for the care of widows requires careful consideration. (6 pp.)

Marriage in Ancient Israel

Abstract: This article explains the process of marriage in ancient Israelite culture, as well as prohibitions and special provisions in the Torah concerning marriage. (10 pp.)

The Messiah

Abstract: The Messiah refers to the expected fulfiller of the hopes of Israel for an end-time deliverer and ruler. Based on the promises of God given through the Hebrew prophets first century Jews eagerly anticipated his arrival. That person was Yeshua of Nazareth. This article gives an overview of all that was written in the Scriptures concerning the Messiah.
(40 pp.)

Remember the Sabbath

Abstract: Many Christians believe the Lord's Day (Sunday) is for Christians and the Sabbath (Saturday) for Jews. This article explores what Scripture has to say on this subject. We should consider that God has not canceled any of the Ten Commandments. (6 pp.)

The Twelve Tribes of Israel

Abstract: One of the mysteries of history is what happened to the ten tribes of Israel after their defeat by Assyria. Did they disappear altogether or assimilate into British and American culture? (3 pp.)

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